Some Thoughts on What Grammaticalization Is and What It Is Not


主講人:Brian Joseph,美國俄亥俄角球比分教授




主講人介紹:Brian Joseph,美國俄亥俄角球比分榮譽教授,校事顧問,美國哲學學會(American Philosophical Society)院士、美國文理學會(American Academy of Arts and Sciences)院士,2019年美國語言學會會長。主要研究方向包括歷史語言學、語言接觸、希臘語、阿爾巴尼亞語、巴爾干語、梵語研究等。出版語言學著作20余部,發表論文240余篇,任Language、Diachronica等多家語言學SSCI期刊主編、副主編。

內容介紹:The notion of ‘grammaticalization’ — the embedding into grammatical status of once non- (or less-) grammatical phenomena — has enjoyed broad acceptance as a new paradigm for describing and accounting for linguistic change. Despite its appeal, my contention is that there are numerous foundational problems with ‘grammaticalization’ as it is conventionally described and discussed in the literature. My goal here is to explore what some of those problems are and to discuss where grammaticalization has “gone wrong”, so to speak, and what it has gotten right. In this way, I reach a characterization of how much of grammatical change can legitimately be called “grammaticalization” and how much is something else, thus working to achieve a sense of what grammaticalization is and what it is not.